Bearish: A commonly used term in the financial market describing the opinion that an asset (or a certain market) will decline in price. Also used for describing investor sentiment, referring to downward movement.

Bullish: A commonly used term in the financial market describing the opinion that an asset (or a certain market) will rise in price. Also used for describing investor sentiment, referring to upward movement.

CPI: Consumer Price Index – Index that measures the changes in prices paid by consumers for goods and services.

Depreciation: A decrease in the value of a certain asset.

Economic Indicator: A statistic that reflects economic growth, stability or decline. Widely known Economic Indicators are Gross Domestic Product, Unemployment change, Retail Sales, Home Sales.

Fundamental analysis: A form of market analysis that includes gauging the overall health of a country’s economy based on all important economic indicators (GDP, production, interest rates, sales, unemployment numbers, etc.).

GDP: Gross Domestic Product – All services and goods produced by a country’s economy.

Neutral: It refers to the belief of a trader that an asset price will not move up or down significantly. It can also express a lack of opinion regarding a certain instrument.

NFP: Non-Farm Payrolls – change in the number of employed people, excluding the farming sector.

Unemployment rate: Total percentage of unemployed (but apt for work) people looking for jobs.

PPI: Producer Price Index – Index that measures changes in prices paid by manufacturers for goods and materials.

Retail Sales (as an economic indicator): Total change in the sales value on a retail level.